Mohwa is one of the most important of Indian forest trees, not because it may possess valuable timber – and it is hardly ever cut for this purpose. Mahua is a common name used for Madhuca longifolia, it belongs to the family Sapotaceae. It is an important economic tree growing throughout India. Mahua is . Trees, to 20 m high, bark grey, cm thick, vertically cracked, exfoliating in thin scales; blaze reddish-brown or dark red; exudation milky. Leaves simple.
|Published (Last):||13 August 2010|
|PDF File Size:||16.42 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.94 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia – South Indian Mahua
This page was last edited on 7 Novemberat Ripening fruits Photograph by: In a recent study, Gupta et al. Longifoolia oils and fats, technology, utilization and nutrition. Oil produced in smallholder farms is of low quality and is mainly used as a ghee substitute or adulterant Fern, The oral LD50 in mice of crude Madhuca saponins was about 1.
The bark is used to cure leprosy and to heal wounds, tne flowers are prepared to relieve coughs, biliousness and heart-trouble while the fruit is given in cases of consumption and blood diseases.
The use of plants as a source of medicine has been inherited and is an important component of the health care system in India and abroad even in the present era. Mahua flowers are fleshy and sweet, and have been used by Indian villagers to feed their cattle Reddy et al.
India Biodiversity Portal
Irrigation may be useful during fruit development but should be avoided during flowering and leaf shedding. A striking feature of the mahua butter was the relative high level of PUFA, especially dienes.
Good descriptions of madhucca plants with terse notes on their uses. Introduction Seed oils and fats are increasingly being utilized for biofuels, making these oils potentially more costly and a less plentiful and reliable supply for food needs. Support Center Support Center.
Madhuca longifolia – Wikipedia
Chemical evaluation of mahua Madhuca indica seed. Candy, biscuits and cake were prepared using the mahua concentrate as a liquid sweetener. Palatability The palatability of unprocessed mahua seed cake was found to be very poor but improved notably after a period of adaptation Singhal et al.
The tree grows on a wide variety of soils but thrives best on sandy soil. A couple of months after the flowering period the fruit opens. Triacylglycerols TAG composition Marikkar et al.
It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others.
After fractionation, the SFC profile of solid fraction was found to have a pattern similar to that of mahua butter, but the values were always higher pongifolia those of the native sample. Untreated mahua seed cake is toxic to chickens because of its high saponin content. Yet due to lack of appropriate knowledge and processing practices this highly nutritious and useful tree considered as underutilized.
It is a frost resistant species that can grow in marginal areas of dry tropical and subtropical forests up to an altitude of m. It is because the combined effect of both palmitic and stearic acids in TAG molecules may tend to elevate the madhjca points of fatty materials De Man Management of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita infesting gram through oil cakes.
The composition of mahua spent flowers shows considerable variation: Year ISBN Description Excellent book, covering over 1, species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. It is inexpensive and the production is largely done in home stills. Saponins Mahua contains high levels of saponins, which reduce palatability and have antinutritional and toxic effects on animals, though less so in ruminants EFSA, An integrated approach for mahua seed cake utilization.
Effect of enzymatic interesterification on physicochemical properties of mahua oil and kokum fat blend. Mahua seed cake is used as a fertilizer and to control root-knot nematode Orwa et al.
Composition and thermal characteristics of Madhuca longifolia seed fat and its solid and liquid fractions.