Abstract: Critical approaches to the influence of Johann Jakob Bachofen’s aspect of the reception of Bachofen’s ideas about ancient matriarchy that I will be. There are no works listed on Wikisource for this author. If you’d like to add a new text, please review Help:Adding texts. Johann Jakob Bachofen (–) was a Swiss jurist, student of Greco- Roman antiquity, and anthropologist. Bachofen came from a prominent Basel family.

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In spite of the recognition these works received from his professional colleagues, Bachofen abandoned the field of jurisprudence.

Morgan and exchanged views with them. They corresponded by letter, and Giraud-Teulon developed his own version of Bachofen’s theory which regarded the matriarchal phase not as a general stage of societal development but as a special appearance which can be traced only to certain pre-Indo-European cultures.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. His masterwork Das Mutterrecht was published inbut it went mostly unnoticed.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Baeumler, Alfred Das mythische Weltalter: Inhe resigned his professorial position after being accused of obtaining this position solely due to his higher social standing. Bachofen was the first to challenge seriously the long-established conviction that bwchofen monogamous patriarchal family was a datum of nature; instead, he asserted that mother-right had preceded father-right in the evolution of human institutions.

He postulated an archaic “mother-right” within the context of a primeval Matriarchal religion or Urreligion. Kinship, system of social organization based on real or putative family ties. This new vision found no written expression until his books on law had been completed. Dec 18, See Article History.

In Bachofen turned his attention to the avunculate in particular. Mountains have historically restricted internal communications, but the sea has opened up wider horizons. He concluded the work by connecting archaic “mother right” with the Christian veneration of the Virgin Mary. Help us improve this article! The total land area of Greece one-fifth of which is made up of….

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikisource. Credits New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. Keep Exploring Britannica Mao Zedong. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of He also demonstrated that marriage, family, and kinship take on different forms in different societies, and assumed an evolutionary sequence of primitive promiscuity, leading to matriarchal, and finally patriarchal forms of social organization.


Though he based his theorizing on Greek and Roman classics, his previously unpublished manuscripts in his Gesammelte Werke, 10 vol. Die Sage von Tanaquil, He postulated an evolutionary sequence of symbolical, mythical, and logical modes of thought.

His decision to do so was not a sudden one. After that, he went to the University of Paris and CambridgeEngland for two additional years of study. Thank You for Your Contribution! Mahatma Jkhann, Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the jwkob. Bachofen was interested in the development of social organizations. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article.

Bachofen’s model was based on an imaginative interpretation of the existing archaeological evidence of his time, and tells us as hohann about Bachofen’s own time as it does the past. He was called to the Basel chair for Roman law inbut he retired early inand published most of his works as a private scholar. Greece, the southernmost of the countries of the Balkan Peninsula.

At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. The modern study of kinship can be traced back to midth-century interests in jakpb legal institutions and philology. Then, copy and paste the nachofen into your bibliography or works cited list.

Antiquarische Briefe, — Bachofen became an important precursor of 20th-century theories of matriarchy, such as the Old European culture postulated by Marija Gimbutas from the s, and the field of feminist theology and ” Matriarchal Studies ” in s feminism.

His work eventually inspired several generations of ethnologistssocial philosophers, and writers: As has been noted by Joseph Campbell in Occidental Mythology and others, Bachofen’s theories stand in radical opposition to the Aryan origin theories of religion, culture and society, and both Campbell and writers such as Evola have suggested that Bachofen’s theories only adequately explain the development of religion among the pre-Aryan cultures of the Mediterranean and the Levant, and possibly Southern Asia, but that a separate, patriarchal development existed among the Aryan tribes which conquered Europe and parts of Asia.


Retrieved from ” https: A comprehensive assessment of his contributions is only now becoming possible, with the preparation of a critical edition of his Gesammelte Werke by Karl Meuli.

Johann Jakob Bachofen

Edited by Karl Meuli. While Bachofen was at Berlin, Friedrich von Savigny focused his interest on Roman lawand the doctoral dissertation he submitted to the University of Basel was in this field For discussion of the subsequent bacohfen of his ideas, see Kinship. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Internet URLs are the best. It was in these years that he began studying history.

Johann Jakob Bachofen |

Thus, Bachofen’s work can be understood as an important precursor of twentieth century theories of matriarchy that still echo today, such as the Old European culture postulated by Marija Gimbutas, and the field of feminist theology and “Matriarchal Studies” in feminism.

Italy comprises some of the most varied and scenic landscapes on Earth and is often described as a country shaped like a boot. Already inat the age of 23, he finished his doctoral studies. Johann Jakob Bachofen was born on December 22, in Basel, Switzerlandfirst son of a wealthy merchant family. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.

Indeed, it was not known that Bachofen actually did extensive ethnological research until recently, when his unpublished manuscripts were examined in connection with the publication of his Gesammelte Werke, a large project undertaken in the s.