Definition – a theory which countered Mackinder’s Heartland theory. Spyman stated that Eurasia’s rimland, the coastal areas, is the key to. Maikinder was quick to revise his Heartland theory. He suggested that there are two Rimland theory is an antithesis to the heartland theory. American geopolitician Admirai Mahan, was a theory of positional su, premacy. the other hand, “heartland” and “rimland” are exceedingly handy and attractive.

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Criticism of Heartland Theory. Conquest of the entire world would then be highly likely. Biased view His view was biased because of imperial British interests were central focus of his theory.

Neither Heartland nor Rimland theory has modern application because they neglects: Fill in and FAX to Dr. He overlooked Man-nature relation.

Role Of Heartland and Rimland Theory | MaLik SohaiL Nawaz –

And strategically the coastal location, indentation, ports are natural advantage to a country. Unit political organization of space notes rimlannd 8. Spykman makes a clear sense about land’s role in military power development. The sea power and elements of sea power is discussed by Mahan but it was not well defined about the use and control of sea.

Railway development uneconomical He took a rather simplified view of this subject.

Mackinder referred to the rest of the World-Island and the offshore islands as the Inner Crescent see mapand all remaining land in the world as the Outer Crescent see map. The naval power plays an important role in making a country strong enough to rule over the world. By using this site, hteories agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


Geostrategy: The Heartland and Rimland Theories

Posted by Nitin Vijay at 2: All the aforesaid hsartland lie in the buffer zone that is between sea power and land power. It has both grounds safer i.

Click here to sign up. He described the maritime fringe of a country or continent; in particular the densely populated western, southern, and eastern edges of the Eurasian continent. It can also increase its power and can influence its counterparts. With the defeat of Germany and the emergence of the USSR, Spykman’s views were embraced during the formulation of the Cold War American policy of containing communist influence.

We have experienced it in the pre-colonialism and post- colonialism era, that how the Geartland established its naval power and made themselves rimlxnd to rule over the world. The elements of sea power demand a nation in formation of its naval power. Era of air travel destroys Heartlands invincibility He failed to see that railway era was drawing to an end and that the era of air travel has heartalnd began. Log In Sign Up.

To him geopolitics is the planning of the security policy of a country in terms of its geographical factors. Articles needing additional references from February All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from July The whole world geopolitics is centered in world island.

He assumed that the Heartland will not be a potential hub of Europe, because:. Skip to main content. Old data for pivot area concept His pivot area concept came in Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Until then, sea power retained a major edge on mobility, giving maritime empires much greater relative power than continental states.


The role of outer crescent is defined by Spykman which theorids on the military role on seas as well as on the lands. Both of scholars, mentioned above, agree that not only heartland plays and important role in ruling over the specified territory but they can contribute in ruling over the whole world. As heartland deals with inner crescent and other with sea power and former tgeories been and is being practically implemented by the mighty ruling countries like USA and China.

The Heartland Theory and the Present. But if you are unable to handle your inner crescent then you will be ruled by others. Rimland or inner tueories contains most of world’s people as well as large share of world’s resources. This theory only consists scientific explanation of sea power. At the same time, the Heartland was impervious to external conquest because of its isolation, with ice to the north, deserts and mountains to the south, and poor transportation to and from the littoral of Western Europe.

Newer Post Older Post Home. Spykman published America’s Strategy hteories World Politics, in which he set forth a theory that combined those of Mackinder and leading naval theorist Alfred Thayer Mahan.

As it has a strong naval power and has a strong hold over many countries.