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Committed effective dose determination in cereal flours by gamma-ray spectrometry; Determinacao das doses efetivas por ingestao de farinhas de cereais atraves da espectrometria de raios gama. The health impact from radionuclides ingestion of foodstuffs was evaluated by the committed effective doses determined in commercial samples of South-Brazilian cereal flours soy, wheat, corn, manioc, rye, oat, barley and rice flour.

The energy resolution for the The committed effective doses were calculated with the activities analyzed in the present flour samples, the foodstuff rates of consumption Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics and the ingestion dose coefficients International Commission of Radiological Protection. The highest committed effective dose was 0. There are few literature references for natural and artificial radionuclides in foodstuffs and mainly for committed effective doses.

Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Multifuncionalidade dos direitos fundamentais. However, differences of doses have been reported in many countries for the same type of procedure. This study aimed to estimate the effective doses and absorbed in 65 patients submitted to oncological Protocol in a nuclear medicine clinic in Rio de Janeiro, considering the risk of induction of cancer from the scan.

The radiological risk for cancer incidence were estimated according to the ICRP Estimation of absorbed dose by newborn patients subjected to chest radiographs; Estimativa de dose efetiva para radiografias do torax em pediatria neonatal.

The aim of this study is to present an estimate of the effective dose received by newborn patients hospitalized in NICU and subjected to X-ray examinations of the chest in the AP projection.

Initially, were followed examinations chest X-rays performed on newborn patients and subsequently, simulated in a newborn simulator object. The results achieved are, generally, inferior to those reported for similar previous studies.

Criteria for calculation of effective dose from the individual monitoring; Criterios para calculo de dose efetiva a partir da monitoracao individual. Metrological aspects in estimating of radiation dose in patients of nuclear medicine; Aspectos metrologicos na estimativa da dose efetiva de pacientes em medicina nuclear.

Correction factors are determined from the result of performance analysis in order to determine with better accuracy the activity to be administered to the patients. The present study shows how the correction factor is determined by the ratio between the measurement of the activity at the nuclear medicine center and the activity determined by the LNMRI, which is adopted as reference.

It is essential that the dose calibrator be calibrated with standards traceable to national metrology laboratories, so that the activity administered to the patient is neither greater nor smaller than the appropriate value.

The corrected values of the activities can be used to calculate with greater accuracy the effective doses received by the patients as well as the risk of cancer. The consequences of these differences were not very critical in this study since the activity measured in dose calibrator before administration was lower than the corrected activity, thus causing a lower effective dose in patients. However, this reduction in activity may result in problems in obtaining the image and consequently, failure diagnosis, delaying correct diagnosis.

GASTROCLISIS by Dalia Ortega on Prezi

On the other hand, the overestimation would be worse, mainly in therapeutic applications, because an unnecessarily high absorbed. Product kerma in the air-area and radiation dose in dental radiodiagnosis; Produto kerma ar-area e dose efetiva em radiodiagnostico odontologico. Costa, Alessandro Martins da, E-mail: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras. The main purpose of patient dosimetry in diagnostic radiology is to determine dosimetric quantities for the establishment and use of reference levels and comparative risk assessment.

In recent publications the use of the air kerma-area product, PKA, has been suggested in dental radiology, as this quantity is more closely related to risk. The aim of this study was to perform a preliminary survey of PKA and effective dose in different types of dental examinations. The future perspective is a large-scale survey for the establishment and use of diagnostic reference levels in dentistry in Brazil. Product kerma air area and effective dose in dental radiology; Produto kerma no ar-area e dose efetiva em radiodiagnostico odontologico.


Faculdade de Filosofia Ciencias e Letras. Product kerma air area and effective dose in dental radiology; Produto kerma no ar area e dose efetiva em radiodiagnostico odontologico.

Foram utilizadas caixas tipo gerbox como unidades coletoras, cobertas por diferentes quantidades de palha de aveia. The vegetation that remains in the soil after harvest benefits the physical and chemical properties of soil. However, the straw becomes a barrier to the application of pre-emergence herbicides, preventing it from reaching the target. In these cases, the choice of spray tip and droplet size is. La literatura describe que son necesarias de los dosis efectivas DE95 lo ideal para la IT.

Neuromuscular blockers NMB are used to induce relaxation of skeletal muscles and facilitate tracheal intubation TI. Rocuronium is a steroid-type, synthetic, non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocker of medium duration. The objective of this study was to evaluate. Minimal effective dose of phosphine to control the cashew root borer, Marshallius bondari Rosado-Neto Coleoptera: Full Text Available The objective of this research was to determine, in field conditions, the minimal of phosphine effective dose for the cashew root borer control.

Three experiments were set up at three different periods: Curculionidae, in Piaui State, Brazil. One, two, three and six phosphine tablets of three gram each, per plant were tested.

In the August essay, phosphine was inefficient to control the borer. In the October essay, control was achieved using as little as 2 tablets per plant and in November with one tablet per plant to control the adult borers in the soil. Higher efficiency was achieved when treatment was applied far away from the last rain, in other words, as soil dries out.

Curculionidae em cajueiro, Anacardium occidentale L. No ensaio conduzido em agosto nenhum tratamento foi eficiente para o controle de brocas adultas no solo. No ensaio instalado em outubro, a fosfina foi eficiente a partir de duas pastilhas por planta e no ensaio de novembro a partir de uma pastilha por planta para o controle de adultos no solo. Computer Tomography doses were evaluated using thermoluminescent detectors inserted in the same anthropomorphic simulators.

Optimization protocols for image acquisition and the use of automatic exposure control were used in order to reduce patient dosestaking into account the equipment model and its system.

The effective dose in female patients was 5. The effective dose in gaxtroclisis patients was 8. This is because the CT was not used for diagnostic but for morphological mapping. Instituto de Estudos Socioambientais. It was considered reference to the annual effective radiation dose limit of 0.


It was observed that the effective annual doses were below the limit established by the norms, which can be inferred that the installation has been operating safely, without causing a radiological impact to the environment and individuals of the public. A method for determining an indicator of effective dose calculation due to inhalation of Radon and its progeny from in vivo measurements; Um metodo para determinar um indicador para calcular dose efetiva devida a inalacao de Radonio e seus descendentes utilizando medicoes in vivo.

Direct measurement of the absolved dose to lung tissue from inhalation of radon and its progeny is not possible and must be calculated using dosimetric models, taking into consideration the several parameters upon which the dose calculation depends. To asses the dose due to inhalation of radon and its progeny, it is necessary to estimate the cumulative exposure. Historically, this has been done using WLM values estimated with measurements of radon concentration in air.

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The radon concentration in air varies significantly, however, in space with time, and the exposed individual is also constantly moving around. This makes it almost impossible to obtain a precise estimate of an individual’s inhalation exposure. The measurements were performed in a whole body counter. With this technique, the exposed individuals become, in affect, their own samplers and dosimeters and the estimate of cumulative exposure is not affected by the variation of the atmospheric concentration of radon and its progeny in time and space.


To realize these measurements a methodology was developed to determine the subject’s background, using a head phantom made with a cubic plastic container containing known amounts of potassium and calcium dissolved in four liters of water. The effective doses calculated from the in vivo measurements are compared to effective doses estimated, for. The effective doses calculated from the in vivo measurements are compared to effective doses. This paper conducts a surveillance of radon and their short half-life daughters gas concentration, inside the warehouse due to these gas inhalation.

Iron-deficiency anemia in children remains one of the most. The social clause in the OMC: Full Text Available The inclusion of social clause in the scope of the OMC, as form to eliminate lower conditions of work in the developing countries, is subject that comes exhaustingly being argued inside of the international relations of the commerce.

The developing countries accuse the developed countries of waking use of this speech as form to protect their domestic markets.

The arguments of both are reasonable, therefore, it is necessary to find an term intermediate, that interrelates OIT and OMC in the direction of protecting the involved workers in the process of production for the international market, at the same time, that it hinders the developed countries of gastoclisis advantage of the social clause to impose protectionistic barriers, harming the developing countries. Dose evaluation in diagnostic for computerized tomography; Evaluacion de re en diagnostico por tomografia computarizada.

gastroclisis cuidados de enfermeria pdf

The patients which are subjected to computerized tomography tests are exposed to relatively high doses given gasstroclisis result doses on organs that are not matter to test. It was realized a dose levels raising in patients subjected to tests by T C, utilizing to measure this magnitude, TLD thermoluminescent dosemeters which were put directly on the patient, in eye regions, thyroid, breast and navel; founding doses fluctuating between cuidaos The applications of ionizing radiations in medicine do not have dose snfermeria, but paying attention to the radiological protection optimization principle, it is recommended the use of clothes to anti-rays protection for zones not examined, getting with this to reduce the level doses cuiaddos low as possible, without this to diminish the test quality.

Estudo da rigidez efetiva do cabo de pontes estaiadas. Os tratamentos foram compostos por: Calculation of absorbed dose in water by chemical Fricke dosimetry; Calculo de dose absorvida na agua por dosimetria quimica Fricke.

Rodrigues, Adenilson Paiva, E-mail: Prenatal radiation doses from radiopharmaceuticals; Dosis absorbida en el feto por administracion de radiofarmacos. The radiopharmaceutical administration with diagnostic or therapeutic purpose during pregnancy implies a prenatal radiation dose.

The dose assessment and the evaluation of the radiological risks become relevant due to the great radiosensitivity of the fetal tissues in development.

This paper is a revision of the available data for estimating fetal doses in the cases of the more frequently used radiopharmaceuticals in nuclear medicine, taking se account recent investigation in placental crossover. The more frequent diagnostic and therapeutic procedures were analyzed according to the radiation doses implied.

La evaluacion de esta dosis y la consiguiente estimacion del riesgo radiologico asociado, adquiere relevancia dada enfermeriw mayor radiosensibilidad de los tejidos fetales con respecto a la de los adultos. El proposito de este trabajo es hacer una revision de los lineamientos existentes sobre las hipotesis a considerar en el calculo de dosis al feto para los radiofarmacos de uso mas frecuente, incorporando las investigaciones recientes que aportan informacion sobre la transferencia placentaria, teniendo en cuenta la edad gestacional.

Se analizan las practicas diagnosticas y terapeuticas mas frecuentes comparando las dosis que implican en el feto con los limites internacionalmente aceptados. Se pretende asi disponer de las herramientas necesarias para responder a las consultas sobre los riesgo radiologicos debidos a la administracion de radiofarmacos a embarazadas. Dose estimation by biological methods; Estimacion de dosis por metodos biologicos.

The human being is exposed to strong artificial radiation enfdrmeria, mainly of two forms: A third form less common is by accidents. In all these conditions it is very important to estimate the absorbed enfrrmeria.