Title, Democracia y totalitarismo. Volume of Biblioteca Breve · Biblioteca Breve. Ciencias Humanas · Biblioteca breve (Seix Barral).: Ciencias humanas. Democracia y totalitarismo. Front Cover. Raymond Aron. Seix Barral, – pages Bibliographic information. QR code for Democracia y totalitarismo. Democracia y totalitarismo. By Raymond Aron. About this book · Get Textbooks on Google Play. Rent and save from the world’s largest eBookstore. Read.

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In any case, politics are more important to Aron than economics, and this will be one of its various objections to Marxism, the dominant creed among French intellectuals from the second half of the 20th century. Aron knew perfectly the man who was going to govern France.

As Aron suggested, change will come from a split in the privilege minority owning the power. We will be told that the world has changed and each time it changes more, that there are few certainties and that the thinkers of the past, although this one is recent, are not of great utility.

Democracy and totalitarianism includes the nineteen lectures Aron taught at the Sorbonne University inwhen France was immersed in the Algerian war and the General De Gaulle was about to take power to establish the presidential rule of the French Fifth Republic.

Here, fanaticism is not incompatible with some scepticism. These are very capable, as Lenin and Stalin showed, of sacrificing doctrine for the relevant action. Rubio Plo Democracy and totalitarianism. Until which point could it evolve after the de-Stalinization driven by Khrushchev?

They will doubtlessly useful. All are imperfect, democrcia paraphrasing Orwell, we could say some are more imperfect than others.

During his life, he wrote outstanding economic analysis, but this was not incompatible with his affirmation that it is not always easy to know what economic semocracia want, although he underlines that it is very simple to affirm that it is a unitary force.


Soviets had several constitutions that on paper meant a plural regime. In this regard we could reflect on a Montesquieu quote, transcribed ratmond Aron, who affirms that whenever we see everybody tranquil in a state that calls itself a republic, we can be sure that liberty does not exist there.

Democracia y totalitarismo | Open Library

Review by Antonio Rubio Plo, international politics analyst and professor of comparative politics and Spanish foreign policy. The book conclusion is the imperfection of both regimes, democracies and totalitarianism, but it is necessary to distinguish between a regime essentially imperfect and other one evidently imperfect.

Otherwise, which political regime would be free of not being identified as an oligarchy? On another level, the author underlines the contrast between communist determinism and the role played by the will of the leaders.

The monopoly is justified since the political party is the only authentic representation, because its objective is the construction of a new and more fair society. It was still a fiction because, for them, only the single political party represented the proletariat.

There was no need to wait for an uprising of the governed.

As opposed to Nazism and Fascism, which never conceal their hate towards liberal democracy, communist used to make a clear commitment to democracy, even though they never applied it.

The logical conclusion is the identification between State and party. This is not the case of Raymond Aron, the Totalutarismo political analyst and sociologist who some would want to circumscribe its relevance to the interwar period and the Cold War.

Democracia y totalitarismo

Review by Antonio R. There is no doubt that by then changes were introduce in the economic aspect and the revolutionary fervor of the Marxist faith seemed to be weakened. Once again, the unconditional unanimities. The author reviews presidential and parliamentary democracies and compares the European and American political systems. In this way, as Aron correctly remarks, the Fifth Republic really became dmocracia Third Empire, of course a parliamentary and plebiscitary Empire.

On the contrary, he knew how to use his seduction abilities until the ramond of becoming a dictator like the ones of the Roman Republic, a man lauded by citizens who looked for a savior of France that could put an end to the discredit of the parliamentary republic institutions that existed up to then. In short, democracy can disappoint, but alternatives are much worse. When revolutionary movements take power, raympnd oligarchy raymnd replaces other. In these terms all others are traitors.


De Gaulle did not need to use sedition to bury the Forth Republic. Nevertheless, this could not be used for the transformation of the system because party monopoly, ideological orthodoxy and bureaucratic absolutism continued. Aron believes in liberal aon, but distrusts the unanimities and even more the ideologies which aim at building perfect systems.

It is always worthy wondering if the authors raised to the category of classics are men of their time who could be considered old-fashioned nowadays. Aron also emphasizes the weaknesses of democracies in the foreign policy domain, due to its tendency to question plain facts and their rayond when assuming risks.

One of his most interesting observations is the presence of contrast between the soviet reality and the constitutional fictions. Ideology has become a mean to an end.

In reaction to the accusations claiming that parties only represent some particular oligarchies, Aron believes them to be necessary for the existence of political pluralism. Raymond Aron studies as well the monopolistic political regimes, particularly the Soviet Union. On the other side, Aron does t believe in the usual conspiracy theories, even less in those saying economic powers make use of political puppets, as usual common place.