Scientific name, Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Taxonomy navigation. Up › Brassica oleracea. Down Terminal (leaf) node. Common name, Brussel sprouts. Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Common Name(s): Brussels sprouts. Categories: Fruits and Vegetables. Brussels sprout (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera) as its name suggests, originated in Belgium, probably near Brussels. Although Brussels sprouts were.

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University of Illinois Extension Hort Answers. Sprouts can be left on plant in mild winter, and harvested when needed. Dr M Goes Wild. A cool-season vegetable that is not as adaptable as broccoli. Strip lower leaves if the sprouts are small. The United Kingdom has production comparable to gekmifera of the Netherlands, but its crop is generally not exported. Some cooks make a single cut or a cross in the center of the stem to aid the penetration of heat. Plant oleraceea apart in the row.

Brussels sprout | Groninger | Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

Brassica oleracea Edible plants Leaf vegetables History of Brussels Miniature versions of vegetables. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Archived from the original on September 13, Tall, upright-growing plants reaching to mm in height. Retrieved from ” https: University of Illinois Extension. Brussels sprouts, baby cabbages for St. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Retrieved 8 June The Brussels sprout has long been popular in BrusselsBelgium, and may have gained its name there.

Brussels sprout | Groninger | Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

The Oleraccea in the Kitchen. Retrieved from ” https: United States Department barssica Agriculture. Enter hemmifera email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The cabbage has been around for millennia — earliest records of cultivated cabbages are to be found in the writings of ancient Greece and Rome and date from around BC, but in contrast, the sprout is a recent invention.


Currently, several thousand acres are planted in coastal areas of San MateoSanta Cruzand Monterey counties of Californiawhich brassida an ideal combination of coastal fog and cool temperatures year-round. They are of excellent qualityafter first frost while the quality is very low when harvested in hot weather. Brussels sprouts has a long growing season. Proudly powered by WordPress.

Prefers cool, moist conditions and has a long growing season. Harvest sprouts they are about two inches in diameter. Caterpillars, and aphids on stressed plants that suffer from a lack of moisture and nutrients. Researchers believe it has been cultivated for several thousand years, but its history as a domesticated plant is not clear before Greek vag Roman times, when it was a well-established garden vegetable. This article is about the plant.

In the home garden, harvest can be delayed as quality does not suffer from freezing. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Sprouts are ready to be oleracex four to five months after transplanting. Spacing Apply garden fertilizer at the same rate as for beets, plant 18 inches within the row, and rows 36 inches apart, plant at the same depth as they were in the container. Sow seeds from mid- to late summer in seed trays and transplant seedlings.

Once cut and cleaned, the buds are typically cooked by boiling, steaming, stir frying, grilling, slow cookingor roasting. Although native to the Mediterranean region with other ooeracea species, Brussels sprouts first appeared in northern Europe during the fifth century, later being cultivated in the 13th century near Brussels, from which they derived their name. Vegetable brassicas and related crucifers.


The Brussels sprout is a member of the Gemmifera Group of cabbages Brassica oleraceagrown for its edible buds. The Son of AdventBotany ! So says Professor John Warrenand he has statistics to prove his point!

About Alastair Culham A professional botanist and biologist with an interest in promoting biological knowledge and awareness to all. In places such as the Channel Islands and Canary Islandswhere the frost is minimal and plants are thus freed from seasonality, some cultivars, known as Jersey cabbagescan grow up to 3 m tall. Pinch terminal bud after reaching a desired height of about 2-ft tall in northern Illinois after all sprouts have set.

Word Origins of Food and Drink. The leafy green vegetables are typically 2. Sprouts may be picked by hand into baskets, in which case several harvests are made of five to 15 sprouts at a time, or by cutting the entire stalk at once for processing, or by mechanical harvester, depending on variety. You can start seeds indoor and transplant outdoors. Fruits and Vegetables Description: Brussels sprouts can be pickled as an alternative to cooking them.

Through artificial selection for various phenotype traits, the emergence of variations of the plant with drastic differences in looks took only a few thousand years. Brassica Raphanus Cruciferous Biochemistry genera list. Views Read Edit View history.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The British have a strange love-hate relationship with the Brussels sprout, purchasing million of them during the week before Christmas and then boiling them to an inedible mush!