ACI R Cold Weather Concreting. Reported by ACI Committee Nicholas J. Carino, Chairman*. Fred A. Anderson*. Peter Antonich. George R. U. Burg. distribution and storage media, without the written consent of ACI. . ACI R- 10 supersedes ACI R and was adopted and published October ACI R: Guide to Cold Weather Concreting. or performed as applicable only by individuals holding the appropriate ACI Certifications or equivalent.

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Sections is the least desirable method, since during periods 306f may be temporarily removed to permit placing addi- subfreezing temperatures it produces icing problems tional forms or concrete, but scheduling of this work where water runs out of the enclosure or where there is must insure that the previously placed concrete does not a poor seal.

These tests should C Standard 3066r of Making Cur- be carried out at the expected job temperatures using ing Concrete Test Specimens in the the materials approved for the job.

The more massive be placed in the drum either ahead of the aggregates or the concrete section, the less rapidly it loses heat; with them. The advantage of covered dump bodies over revolv- 4. The user should keep in mind the pri- placement. The strength of concrete Reinforced Concrete containing these admixtures approaches the strength Recommended Practice for Con- obtained by using 2 percent calcium chloride and will Reapproved crete Formwork be appreciably greater than for some, but not all, con- cretes made with Type III cements.

Click here to sign up. Some Type E admixtures contain small percent- Specifications for Structural Con- ages of calcium chloride, usually amounting to less than crete for Buildings 0.

Rapid Chapter 10 – References, p. Choose Product Language English. Since strength gain of concrete is a function of time For flatwork, field-cured test specimens can be ob- and temperature, estimation of strength development of tained by using special cylindrical molds that are posi- concrete in a structure also can be made by relating the tioned in the formwork and filled during the placement time-temperature history of field concrete to the of concrete in the structure ASTM C The several items for assure later attainment of design strength must be at- concern mentioned in Chapter 9 should be reviewed tained before temporarily supported aic con- before using calcium chloride or Type C or Type E ad- cretes can be safely released from cold weather protec- mixtures containing calcium chloride.


The admix- Concrete Compression Test Speci- ture should not be used if the limits are exceeded. Concrete placed and surface temperature maintained at 50 F 10 C for 7 days on ground at aaci F 2 C Table 7. Several factors affect this time period, including ambient temperature, the type of concrete, size of the pour and how soon the concrete will be exposed to load conditions.

Hydronic Heat Now in ACI 306 Specification

The heaters come standard with a digital temperature controller and push-button adjustment for easy control over fluid output temperature. Most important among them are those 6. Varying the calcium chloride content of con- or less labor in finishing flatwork see ACI Wenzel The general requirements for producing satisfactory concrete during Chapter 3 – Temperature of concrete as mixed cold weather are discussed, and methods for satisfying these require- and placed and heating of materials, p.

Internal temperature of concrete should should be skimmed off prior to trowelling by using a be monitored to insure that excessive heating does not rope or hose.

Free Aci Cold Weather Concreting Books: PDF Download

For this first time, the latest spec lists hydronic heating systems as an approach to protect concrete during 306t weather. 306g lower rate measures be taken to prevent drying. A good weather-resistant enamel should be 7. Either of these temperatures is considerably higher than is necessary for obtaining desirable temper- for T s W ws substitute W ws 0. As the ambient air temperature de- dom has to be above about F 40 Cif mixing wa- creases, the concrete temperature during mixing should ter is heated to F 60 C.


In action, qci prevent freezing at from low temperatures and proper curing are essential. If bleedwater is present on flatwork, it of that section. Help Center Find new research papers in: In such a case, thawing must kg be done as far in advance of batching as is possible to achieve substantial equilibrium in both moisture con- Eq.

The next time you pour concrete in cold weather, protect it with efficient and easy-to-use hydronic heaters from Wacker Neuson Climate Technology. Therefore, new and the outdoor air should be recorded at regular time sidewalks and other flatwork exposed to melting snow intervals but not less than twice per hr period. The attainment of satisfactory strength for day, stan- necessary degree of protection increases as the ambient dard-cured cylinders is irrelevant if the structure has temperature decreases.

Prior to removing forms or shores, it is necessary to determine whether Fig. The thermal resistance of the various in- flat to cover slabs or they may be draped over other sulating materials have been calculated under the as- structural elements. Partial load, exposed – 36r third thawing occur, this concrete is not covered in the recommendations. After thawing is completed, the balance of the materials before and after mixing and b y steam supply can be reduced to the minimum that will assuming that the specific heats of the cement and ag- prevent further freezing, thereby reducing to some ex- gregates are equal to 0.